I received an email today that said that Wal-Mart gasoline was made from 100% US produced crude oil. I found this hard to believe so I set out to prove or disprove this claim.
First of all, as a general statement, there is no way to know for sure whether your local station is selling gasoline from imported or domestic oil. Besides, U.S. oil demand is twice its domestic supply.
I’ll skip all the charts and graphs I found. Suffice it to say that it’s really difficult to identify which companies are selling imported gasoline. The U.S. Energy Information Administration, (EIA) does collect data on which companies import crude oil and refined products. However, the fact that a given company imported crude oil or gasoline does not mean that those particular imports will end-up being sold to motorists as that company’s brand of gasoline. The origin of the crude oil that a refinery processes is determined by market economics at a given time and may change from month-to-month or even day-to-day. Company-level import data can be found here.
Now, all this being said, there is a company I found that may fit the bill. While they don’t categorically deny that they purchase any middle east oil, they DO state where they get their crude from, and EIA seems to back this up. Check the link in the paragraph above…
The company is Murphy Oil Corporation. Murphy is an international oil and gas company that conducts business through various operating subsidiaries. The Company produces oil and natural gas in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Malaysia, and Republic of the Congo and conducts ‘exploration activities’ worldwide.
The Company owns refining and marketing operations in the United States and the United Kingdom. Murphy USA Marketing Co. (Murphy Oil USA, Inc.) operates retail gasoline stations under the Murphy USA® brand across 23 states in the U.S. These are high-volume, low-cost retail gasoline stations, primarily in the parking areas of Wal-Mart Supercenters.
Murphy Oil USA, Inc. also operates a network of 11 Company-owned terminals. These terminals, along with numerous third-party terminals, provide fuel supply to retail and branded wholesale stations throughout 23 states.
Murphy Oil’s northern refinery, located in Superior, Wisconsin, has direct access to the Magellan Pipeline. This 35,000 barrel per-day facility produces a full slate of conventional gasoline and distillate products which Murphy actively markets in the North Central United States. Murphy Oil USA, Inc. owns product terminals at Superior, WI and Duluth, MN and also throughputs products at several Magellan Pipeline terminals in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, North Dakota and South Dakota. In addition, Murphy Oil USA, Inc. has exchange agreements to lift products at several terminals in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan.
Murphy’s southeastern refinery is located at Meraux, Louisiana, a suburb of New Orleans, LA. From this refinery, Murphy has direct access to the Colonial and Plantation Pipelines (Collins, MS origin), as well as a river dock facility on the lower Mississippi River, which can handle both shallow and deep draft vessels. The 125,000 barrel per-day Meraux refinery produces a full slate of conventional gasoline and distillate products, as well as ultra low sulfur gasoline and diesel, which Murphy actively markets in the Southeastern United States. Murphy Oil USA, Inc. owns several terminals throughout the Southeastern United States and also markets product in terminals located along the Colonial and Plantation Pipelines. In addition, Murphy Oil USA, Inc. has exchange agreements to lift products at various southeastern U.S. terminals owned by other companies.
I was unable to determine what these ‘exchange agreements’ are, but they seem to indicate that there may be at least some mixing of domestic product with foreign oil. I can not state that as fact however. Murphy does offer a cheap gasoline finder app for smartphones.
I live in an area close to a Murphy station. I am convinced that while there may be some mixing of Arabian oil in their product, their intention seems to be to produce their products from non-Arab sources. That’s good enough for me. I will buy their products.